also known as Total Hip Arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which a
damaged or diseased hip joint is replaced with an artificial joint, called a
prosthesis. This procedure is typically performed to relieve pain and improve
function in individuals with severe hip joint damage from conditions such as
osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, traumatic arthritis, or avascular
Here is a general overview of the total hip replacement procedure:
Preparation: Before the surgery, the patient
undergoes a thorough examination, including medical history, physical
examination, and imaging studies (X-rays, MRI) to assess the extent of hip
joint damage. The surgeon will discuss the procedure, potential risks, and
benefits with the patient.
Anesthesia: Total hip replacement is performed
under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia, which numbs the lower part of
Incision: The surgeon makes an incision,
usually along the side or back of the hip, to access the hip joint.
The muscles and other tissues around the hip joint are carefully moved to
expose the joint.
of Damaged Bone and Cartilage:
The damaged or diseased parts of the hip joint, including the femoral head (the
ball at the top of the femur) and the acetabulum (the socket in the pelvis),
artificial joint components, consisting of a metal or ceramic ball that
replaces the femoral head and a metal or plastic socket that replaces the
acetabulum, are securely implanted into the hip.
Closure: The surgeon closes the incision, and
the wound is typically sutured or stapled.
After surgery, patients undergo a period of recovery and rehabilitation, which
includes physical therapy to regain strength and mobility. Weight-bearing on
the new joint is gradually increased under the guidance of healthcare
Total hip replacement is a highly successful and common procedure that can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with severe hip joint problems. However, as with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications, and the decision to undergo total hip replacement should be made in consultation with a healthcare professional based on the individual's specific circumstances and health status.