Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is commonly used by Orthopedic Surgeons to diagnose, visualize, and treat a variety of joint-related conditions and injuries. It involves the use of a small, fiber-optic camera called an arthroscope, which is inserted into the joint through a small incision. The arthroscope is connected to a monitor, allowing the surgeon to view the inside of the joint in real time. Arthroscopy is particularly useful for joints like the knee, shoulder, hip, ankle, and elbow.

Here are some key aspects of arthroscopy:

Diagnostic Arthroscopy: In some cases, arthroscopy is primarily used for diagnosis. By inserting the arthroscope into the joint, the surgeon can assess the extent of damage or injury to the joint's structures, such as the ligaments, cartilage, menisci, and synovial lining.


Therapeutic Arthroscopy: Arthroscopy is often therapeutic, meaning that it not only diagnoses but also treats the problem in the same procedure. This can include repairing damaged ligaments, trimming or repairing torn cartilage (e.g., meniscus in the knee), removing loose fragments, and addressing joint inflammation.


Minimally Invasive: Arthroscopy is considered minimally invasive because it involves only small incisions, which typically result in less pain, faster recovery, and fewer complications compared to open surgery.


Local Anesthesia: The procedure is often performed under local anesthesia, with or without sedation. In some cases, general anesthesia may be used, depending on the joint and the patient's preference.


Small Incisions: Usually, two or more small incisions (about the size of a pencil eraser) are made near the joint. One incision is for the arthroscope, and the others may be used for surgical instruments.


Real-Time Imaging: The surgeon can examine the joint's structures in real time on a monitor, enabling them to make precise and informed decisions during the procedure.


Quick Recovery: Because of its minimally invasive nature, patients often experience less pain and swelling and a quicker recovery time compared to traditional open surgeries.

It's important to note that not all joint conditions can be treated with arthroscopy, and open surgery may be necessary for more complex cases. If you have a joint issue or injury, it's essential to consult with an orthopedic surgeon who can evaluate your condition and recommend the most appropriate treatment, whether it involves arthroscopy or other surgical techniques.